Relative and absolute dating powerpoint

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Because of the fairly fast decay rate of carbon-14, it can only be used on material up to about 60,000 years old.Geologists use radiocarbon to date such materials as wood and pollen trapped in sediment, which indicates the date of the sediment itself.The table below shows characteristics of some common radiometric dating methods.Geologists choose a dating method that suits the materials available in their rocks. Measuring isotopes is particularly useful for dating igneous and some metamorphic rock, but not sedimentary rock.

Correlation can involve matching an undated rock with a dated one at another location.Students begin by observing a photograph and a diagram of rock layers near Whanganui, watch an animation about how the layers were formed, then use an interactive labelling diagram to work out the order in which the rocks were created.The activity offers literacy opportunities as well as practice using the science capability 'Interpret representations'.Relative dating does not provide actual numerical dates for the rocks.Fossils are important for working out the relative ages of sedimentary rocks.

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