If the child is female, the raised androgen levels before birth can cause their genitals to look different, such as a larger clitoris and a vagina that is not open in the usual place.CAH can also cause serious health issues, such as life-threatening kidney problems that need to be treated as soon as possible.Sometimes a person’s body does not respond at all or only partly responds to androgens.Complete insensitivity to androgens makes a person with XY chromosomes female.A person who has CAH lacks an enzyme (chemical substance) that their body needs to make the hormones cortisol and aldosterone.
Testosterone is also important for bone strength and fertility in men.
Find more information and support about Klinefelter’s syndrome.
Another example of this type of DSD is Turner syndrome, which is where a girl is born with a missing X chromosome.
Some adults and young people with DSD prefer to use the term intersex.
You or your child may have sex chromosomes (bundles of genes) usually associated with being female (XX chromosomes) or usually associated with being male (XY chromosomes), but reproductive organs and genitals that may look different from usual.