Defining and validating bipolar disorder in the preschool period philipina dating and laparan
In addition, increased risk-taking may involve physical, emotional, or financial endangerment.
Poor insight into one’s disorder or behaviors and poor judgment accompany mania.
In addition, adverse health outcomes have recently been associated with psychotic states, including psychosis associated with mania.
Such effects include poor eating habits and an increased likelihood of substance abuse, including nicotine dependence, which is known to be associated with serious health consequences, such as early death due to cardiovascular complications of arteriosclerosis, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis, and cancer.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder in which feelings, thoughts, behaviors, and perceptions are altered in the context of episodes of mania and depression.
Previously known as manic depression, bipolar disorder was once thought to occur rarely in youth.
Therefore, an episode may be reported as a bipolar disorder with a single manic episode, with recurrent manic episodes, or by the mood state of the most recent episode (eg, depressed, mixed, hypomanic, manic).
Hallmark symptoms of mania include an abnormal, often expansive, and elevated mood lasting for at least 1 week.
Early identification of medication nonresponders would be extremely helpful in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) potentially can help to identify whether lithium is likely to be effective or if other medication such as atypical antipsychotic medication or antiepileptic medication will be more likely effective in bipolar disorder to stabilize mood.
Parental history of ADHD increases the risk of DMDD by 4 times that in control populations, however, risk of DMDD is 20 times higher in families where there are offspring with DMDD.
Comorbid diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), especially with ADHD symptoms, are predictive of a more challenging clinical course that may require multiple different medications for remission.